4 Wi-Fi Tips from Former Apple Wi-Fi Engineer

| MGG Answers

Page 2: Wi-Fi Tips #3 and #4 - Channel Width and Aiming Antennas


(See Page 1 for Tips on Wi-Fi Network Names and Mitigating Congestion)

3. Don't use "Wide" 40MHz channels on 2.4GHz. Some routers (not Apple's) will allow you to use "Wide" channels on the 2.4GHz band. The problem is this band is so congested that you'll likely just wind up making things worse instead of better. Bluetooth lives here, too, and will appreciate the breathing room. Plus, Apple made the decision years ago to not support these wide channels at 2.4GHz, so even if your router allows you to enable it your iPhone and MacBook won't use it.
 


On your 5GHz radios 40MHz channels are perfectly acceptable (again, your Apple router takes care of this for you). And with 802.11ac (5GHz only) you may wind up using 80MHz or even 160MHz channels. Just remember that current 5GHz implementations only have enough room for TWO (yes, 2) 160MHz channels, so choose wisely. The good news is that current 802.11ac routers use "cognitive radio" technology. This means they listen before they talk and that will ratchet down from 80MHz (or 160MHz) to something lower if they see another router communicating in the same band. Smart.

4. Be smart about antenna orientation. If your router has internal antennas (as most new models do), make sure to use them in their natural orientation. Put simply: if the router has feet, use them as feet (as opposed to laying it on its side). Some routers have feet on two sides and give you placement options, so feel free to capitalize upon this flexibility.

For routers with those adjustable, "rubber ducky" antennas, Alf recommends pointing one straight up and one flat out. This is because radio reception is maximized when both client and access point have matched polarization (antennas pointing along the same plane).

Some client devices have antennas in vertical orientation, some horizontal. The current crop of MacBooks, for example, have their antennas in the black plastic part of the hinge in a horizontal orientation.

Those tips should get you started. Give Mac Geek Gab 509 a listen to learn more about beamforming, the future of Wi-Fi, how your router decides what country it's in (and what channels it can use!), the future of iStumbler (and other products from Alf) ... and more!

This question was originally answered on MGG 509: WiFi Answers with Wi-Fi Guru Alf Watt of iStumbler

About MGG Answers:

Each week Dave Hamilton and John F. Braun provide some great troubleshooting advice to listeners of the Mac Geek Gab podcast. Here with MGG Answers we share some of those tips with the rest of the world!

Comments

Bosco (Brad Hutchings)

“Apple devices choose networks by your preferred order. Period”

How about other branded devices? I know literally nobody, even the staunchest Apple fans, who doesn’t have some other branded device on their home network. Unfortunately, network setup often comes down to supporting some device that doesn’t quite work right. Maybe it’s old, maybe it’s quirky. But it’s still essential. And ultimately, it’s what you have to set up your network for, or set up an additional network for.

Yahtzee

MoCA (Ethernet over coax cable) is way better than powerline. I found powerline to be rather slow and unreliable. My Apple TV and a second Airport Base Station are connection to my main ABS router over MoCA and I couldn’t be happier. However, powerline is probably better than trying to extend wi-fi wirelessly.

Steven Fisher

These are great tips, but I don’t know about naming your SSIDs the same thing for 2.4GHz vs. 5GHz. For my house I found that I could make that choice better than OS X could. Yes, the signal strength is lower for the 5GHz. But it’s strong enough, and it’s much faster overall. And my 2.4GHz router doesn’t have controls for lowering broadcast strength.

So I have two SSIDs. Devices that support 5GHz use that SSID, devices that support 2.4GHz only use the other SSID.

furbies

I wasn’t able to listen to the podcast live, it was 5:30am here….

Regarding tip 1, how does it work for the iPhone 5 ?

I have 3 different generations of AirPort base stations:
a AirPort Extreme Base Station (with Modem) (2003 era)
a AirPort Express (2004 era) (I’ve got 2 of these)
a AirPort Express 802.11n (2nd Generation) (2009 era)

Should I set the SSID the same for all these ?
At the moment the 2003 & 2004 ones are on the same SSID as a WDS, but the 2009 one is on a different SSID because Apple in it’s infinite wisdom doesn’t let me config all of them as a WDS…..

tia

furbies

Dave Hamilton

@furbies - Well… if WDS is working for you, then keep it. But typically all I’ve seen it do is rebroadcast a bad signal, making things worse. It’s why I don’t use anything of the sort anymore and go strictly with Powerline (or, if possible, straight Ethernet) to link my access points. At that stage I then do recommend naming all the SSIDs the same.

@Steve Fisher - I used to do exactly what you’re doing until I met with Alf last year and he advised me differently. Life has been much better and simpler since naming all my SSIDs the same, and I find my devices are always choosing the best throughput when I move about the house and office. But if your setup works for you, then the “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it” rule definitely applies. No problem there.

Dean Lewis

I have a friend in an older house (lots of brick/stone and heavy walls) who has connectivity problems. I’ve set up the router with separate SSIDs for the 2.4 and 5.0Ghz bands. If I’m reading this correctly, I should make them the same SSID. So, would that alleviate some of the connectivity issues, perhaps allowing devices that wander like her iPad to switch as necessary, until I can get out to her place and install something like the Powerlines? (or maybe I’ll just go with Ubiquiti APs on the basement and 2nd floors to cover the 1st and 4th/attic levels…)

vpndev

My experience has pushed me to have separate names for 2.4 and 5 GHz networks. I might revisit this now, with an altered layout, but that was the only thing that kept my music working. My two Airport Express (music players) would stutter and stall and drop out on 2.4, starting in the late afternoon and extending through the evening.

Then I created a new name for the 5 GHz network and switched them to that - and things have been very much better.

And the 2.4 interference wasn’t “close” as in condos or townhouses.

Jules Hobbes

“routers use “cognitive radio” technology. This means they listen before they talk”.

I wish humans were like that ...

istumbler

@vpndev late afternoon to evening signal loss could be humidity, depending on where you live. 2.4 GHz is sensitive to humidity levels (it’s literally the same frequency as microwave ovens) which would explain the regular diurnal changes.

istumbler

@bosco and @steve

Yes you have to deal with a mix of devices, all Wi-Fi devices *should* be able to handle an ESS across bands, but some will do better than others. If you do have really mis-behaved devices, they can typically be updated. Alertly, you can always run a dedicated single band network for them, if your gear supports setting up several networks.

Honestly, I think the SSID IE along with the WEP > WPA > WPA2 security model are the two biggest mistakes made in Wi-Fi.

Max Strzelecki

How would you position a router with 3 antennas?

manufracture

interesting on #1: i tried setting up my wireless network so both my older Apple Airport Express and my crapular AT&T U-Verse hardware had the same SSID. that configuration totally lost our wired connections. had to go back to two separate SSIDs which can be rather inconvenient at times.

DaveyHIltz

That’s intriguing that you set your antennas that way. I didn’t think that would boost the signal, but I guess it does. I could get a new router though. That’s about half of where most my problems are coming from. Its about 8 years old so I think it’s time for a change.

Bill Schlossberg

Thanks for the good information.  Can you recommend an iOS app like “NirSoft Wi-Fi Info View that I can walk my house to read signal strength from various devices and networks., including those I may not at moment be connected?  http://www.nirsoft.net/utils/wifi_information_view.html

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