Computing with Bifocals - A (Near)-Complete List of Mac Keyboard Shortcuts
- April 22nd, 2005
Some people prefer to use a keyboard to execute commands rather than a mouse. Since I prefer a mouse I sometimes forget that many people would rather use their keyboards.
Recently, reader Andy King reminded me that I have been quite remiss in not updating information about keyboard commands that work with OS X. He is so right.
I don't even have a viable excuse so I won't offer one. I will, however, offer the following list of keyboard commands that work with OS X for the benefit of everyone who prefers this option when using their Macs.
I gleaned this list from a number of Internet sources, Mac OS X's built-in Help screens, my friends, and dumb luck -- not necessarily in that order.
The first table of information demonstrates the symbols (in a size larger than the head of a pin) that are frequently used to represent specific keys on the Mac keyboards.
Some Symbols Associated With Mac Keyboards
Full Keyboard Access for Activating Access
If you set the following controls you can completely navigate menus, the dock, dialogue boxes, etc. using just the keyboard. To make this work you much set the F1 key (turn full keyboard access on or off by selecting Control + F1) first.
Using Control With The "F" Keys
| KEYBOARD SHORTCUT
||Log out immediately|
||Hide Active Application (Doesn't Work With Adobe Applications)|
||Hide All But The Active Application|
||Shut Down, Sleep, or Restart Options|
||Quit all applications and Restart|
|Apple+ . (period)
||Stop a process|
|Apple+ , (comma)
||Open Preferences for Active Application|
||Move up one page|
||Move down one page|
||New Finder window (or New Blank Page in Some Applications)|
||New Folder (Must Be In Finder Window For It to Work)|
||Open Another Existing Document|
||Close all Windows|
||Show Attributes Inspector (Limited use – varies by application.)|
||Add to Favorites|
||Move Highlighted Items to Trash|
||Align Left - Only Works in Some Applications|
||Align Right - Only Works in Some Applications|
|Apple+ | (pipe)
||Align Center - Only Works in Some Applications|
|Apple+ ; (semicolon)
||Check Spelling - Only Works in Some Applications|
||Show Colors palette in application - Only Works in Some Applications|
||Show Font palette in application - Only Works in Some Applications|
||View as Icons|
||View as List|
||View as Columns|
||Show View Options|
||Back - Must be in Finder Window|
||Forward - Must be in Finder Window|
||Applications - Must be in Finder Window|
||Favorites - Must be in Finder Window|
||Goto Folder - Must be in Finder Window|
||Connect to Server - Must be in Finder Window|
||Minimize All Windows|
||Open Mac Help|
||Turn on Zoom|
|Option+Apple+ = (equal)
|Option+Apple+ - (minus)
||Switch to White on Black|
|COMBINE KEYBOARD WITH MOUSE|
||Copy to new location|
||Make alias in new location|
||Move to new location without copying|
will leave a .pdf file on desktop to convert to a graphic
||Take a picture of the screen|
||Take a picture of the selection|
|Apple+Shift+4, then press Control while selecting
||Take a picture of the screen, place in clipboard|
|Apple+Shift+4, then Spacebar
||Take a picture of the selected window|
I do hope keyboard-only enthusiasts find this list to be useful and that mouse enthusiasts find a trick or two that will help you save time for frequently executed commands.
Copies of Nancy's book Tips, Hints, and Solutions for Seasoned Beginners Using Apple Macintosh Computers With OS X are available in PDF download versions for US$9.57 and in print version for $18.15 plus $4.00 shipping. To view sample pages and get ordering information visit the September 14, 2004 column.
|Check out Nancy's complete index of all her columns for the most complete list of tips anywhere. The list is categorized and is a great reference when you are looking for help!
Nancy has a Master's degree in Human Services Administration and prior to her retirement she worked for almost 30 years in field of mental health and mental retardation. She has been a Mac user for 11 years, and has recently developed an avocation of teaching basic computer skills in both group and one-to-one settings.
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