A developer has demonstrated a Dashboard exploit in Mac OS X 10.4 "Tiger" that a malicious Web site owner could use to install Widgets you might not want on your Mac. Writing under the name of Stephan.com, the developer said that a combination of Appleis lack of documentation for removing Widgets, Safariis download controls, and a Widget feature all make it possible for the bad guys to use Dashboard to take you to any Web site of their choosing, hijacking Dashboard for their nefarious purposes.
At issue is a feature in Safari called "Open safe files" that is turned on by default. This feature allows your Mac to automatically open image files, PDFs, movies, disk images, and other files considered safe when downloaded. Unfortunately, this also includes Widget files downloaded, which are installed when opened.
When combined with the ability to automatically download a file when visiting a Web page (an HTML feature not limited to Safari), Stephan.com demonstrated how easy it is for a Web site operator to autoinstall a Dashboard Widget without the consent of the user.
Where this really becomes a problem, however, is what the designer of the Widget does. According to Stephan.com, a Widget can be made to do such things as automatically send the user to a given Web page whenever the Widget is clicked on, and even when a user simply switches to Dashboard.
"This could be taken further, of course," wrote Stephan.com, "using all the nasty tricks developed by the [porn] industry over the last few years - opening hundreds of different pages in a few seconds, or moving the close box around quickly. I havenit tried this, but it looks like you can trivially make a Dashboard widget continue to execute even when Dashboard isnit open."
What makes the issue particularly difficult to deal with, according to Stephan.com, is Appleis decision not to provide a documented way to remove Widgets once installed. In fact, Appleis Mac OS X Help files state specifically that "You cannot remove widgets from the Widget Bar or change their order."
The work around for this is to manually remove any particular Widget from your ~Library/Widget directory, and rebooting your Mac, but this is something that many, if not most, users wonit know. That means that for many people, once a malicious Widget is installed, itis going to stay installed.
He details further examples of areas of potential problem at his Web site. Please note that visiting the demonstration page with Safari in Tiger with the "Open safe files" option turned on will install his demonstration Widget, called Zaptastic, into your Dashboard panel.
Warning: In his discussion of the issue, Stephan.com links to (but does not display) a porn image that many will find offensive and/or disturbing.
Update: A safety precaution for those worried about these problems is to turn off "Open safe files" in your Safari general preferences. This will not prevent someone from auto-downloading a Widget to your system, but it will prevent it from being auto-installed.